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Water Supply

Chandigarh has a well planned system of water supply distribution. Water Supply of Chandigarh is based on two sources i.e. Surface water from Bhakra Main Canal and underground deep bore Tubewells. The present availability of water in Chandigarh in 64 mgd. Municipal Corporation has been making constant efforts in improve the water supply distributions in the city by plugging leakages & Checking the theft of water.

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Sewerage Disposal

The city has a well planned under ground network of pipes for disposal of sewerage. The system has been designed according to natural slope of the city for sewage to flow under gravity. Sewage Treatment plant has been constructed for treatment of sewage upto territory level before disposal in open nallah.

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Storm Water Drainage

A well laid out underground Strom Water Drainage System exists in the city. The system has been designed keeping in view the slope of the city. The system is augmented from time to time by providing more lines and R/ Gullies.


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Street Lighting

Street light system based on underground cables in maintained by Municipal Corporation while street lights based on overhead power lines are being maintained by Engineering Wing of Chandigarh Administration. The process to privatize the maintenance of streetlights in lieu of advertisement is under proves


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Community Centres

Municipal Corporation is running 13 Community Centres and 2 Janj Ghars in various Sector of Chandigarh for organize social functions. Most of these centers have been provided with curtain, Fridges, T.V., Furniture and Playing facilities like Badminton Courts, Table Tennis, Playing Cards Tables, Carom Table etc.

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Health & Sanitation

Health and Sanitation in the city is responsibility of Corporation. Top priority is accorded towards maintaining Health and Hygienic in the city. The machinery is modernized from time to time. Dumping ground for garbage is properly maintained as per Municipal Solid Water (Management and Handling )Rules, 2000. Slaughter Houses has been modernized as per international standards to ensure safe and wholesome supply of meat to residents of the city.

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Roads and Bridges

Corporation is about 1400 Km of road network of Chandigarh city which includes V-3, V-4, V-5, V-6 & V-7 roads special attention has been given to Carpetting of V-6 roads in the city. About 90 km of major sectors connecting V-3 roads have been recarpetted /strengthened. A causeway connecting Industrial Area Phase-I with railway Station has been constructed opening new route and giving relief to heavily congested Chandigarh Kalka road. A box culvert type bridges connecting Chandigarh with Mohali has been constructed replacing the eresting causeway which had settled.Parking areas in many shopping centers have been recarpetted / widening. Many underground parking which were not being utilized were made functional system of paid parking was introduced in Sector 8, 9 and 17.

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Horticulture

Municipal Corporation is developing and maintaining grounds / green belts after its inception. Gardens like Fragrance garden, Shanti Kunj, Garden of Annuals, Green Belts in Sector 30, 15, 38 & 40 were developed. About 400 parks is residential area have been developed by providing railing and children playing equipments.

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Fire and Emergency Services

Municipal Corporation has the best fire fighting wing in the region. The wing is modernised from time to time as per the requirement of modern day. As present the Fire Wing has seven station manned round the clock. fire wing also provides assistance to the army, Air force and neigbouring States in times of need.

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Rehabilitation of Colonies and Slums

The Chandigarh Administration has decided to rehabilitate all the labour colonies which had come upon undeveloped land prior to 1996. On these lines Municipal Corporation developed Janta and Kumhar Colony, Sector 25 at a cost of 11 Crore.


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Information Technology


The Information Technology Department of the Municipal Corporation looks after the computerization of the whole Corporation. The I.T. Department provides Computer training to the employees of the corporation on various topics. The Software and Web Development work is also beeing carried out by the department. The department is responsible for the Local Area Network connectivity between all the computers of the Corporation. Along with this, the development and maintenance of Corporation's Web SIte is also beeing carried out by the I.T. Department.

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WATER SUPPLY :

The water supply of the city of Chandigarh is based on two sources i.e. Surface Water from Bhakra Main Canal which is tapped at Kajauli located at a distance of 27 km. from Chandigarh. It had been planned to bring water from Kajauli in four phases, each bringing 20 mgd water. Three phases already stand commissioned and the construction of fourth phase is in progress and is likely to be completed by 2005. The second source of water supply is under ground water being pumped through deep bore tubewells. At present there are about 160 tubewells generating 10 mg of water every day.

With the increase in the population and the development of phase III sectors in progress, the demand for water supply has been increasing tremendously. The peak demand of Chandigarh is about 95 mgd whereas the present availability is about 64 mgd. After the completion of 4th phase, the availability of water will increase to 78.5 mgd. The Municipal Corporation has been making constant efforts to improve the water supply distribution in the city. Till the time of completion of 4th phase, it had been planned to meet the water shortage through the installation of deep bore tubewells. The Corporation has installed 81 tubewells since its formation in 1996. Some of these tubewells have been installed in lieu of the tubewells abandoned due to their discharge going very low and their operation becoming un-economical. There were complaints of low water pressure in certain pockets which were either located at higher elevations or were at the dead end of the distribution system. Boosting arrangements have been provided in Sector 42-C, 44-A, 45-A & D, Sector 30-B, 18-C, rehabilitation colony Maloya. Due to the vertical expansion of the city the demand for water supply at higher pressure has increased very much. In order to meet with the demand of water supply at higher pressure the existing machinery at water works at Sector 12 & sector 26 has been replaced and augmented with the machinery of higher head. There is every possibility of break downs at Kajauli Water Works which can disturb the water supply of the city. Therefore, in order to have storage capacity for atleast one day’s supply, the Corporation after its formation has constructed four underground reservoirs at water works Sector 26, 32, 37 & 39 thereby increasing the storage capacity from 38 MG to 50 MG. Further the raw water storage capacity has also been increased from 30 MG to 36 MG by constructing storage and segmentation tank of 6 mg capacity. Another S & S Tank of similar capacity is under construction and is likely to be completed in this financial year. This will raise the raw water storage capacity to 42 mg. The raw water brought from Kajauli is filtered and treated at sector 39 water works. The Corporation increased the capacity of the filtration plant by constructing a new 15 mgd plant thus raising the filtration capacity to 60 mgd. Another 10 mgd filtration plant has been constructed and its testing is under progress. It is likely to be commissioned by the end of this year.

Due to the continuous drawing of underground water through tubewells, the water table of the city has been depleting with the passage of time. To recharge the under ground acquifiers 10 sites had been identified for tapping the rain water. The work of recharging the underground acquifiers by providing stainers in the bore holes has been completed at 8 sites. The work for the balance 2 sites is in progress.

The Corporation has not only been making efforts in providing sufficient water supply but has also been conscious in reducing the cost of water supply. Bank capacitators have been provided at Kajauli water works to reduce the electricity charges. HT electricity meter connections are being obtained for the water works. The Corporation had made persistent efforts in increasing the revenue receipts from the water charges. After coming into being the Corporation revised the water tarrif in June’2000 and has again revised in August’ 2002. Even before the first revision, the water receipts had been raised from Rs.8 crore to Rs.14 crore by plugging leakages and checking the theft of water. Another step in the direction of increasing water receipts has been the replacement of defective water meters. The Corporation has replaced about 62,000 defective water meters since its inception. The Corporation has also levied sewage cess for the first time in the city.









SEWERAGE SYSTEM :

The city of Chandigarh has a well planned underground network of pipes for the disposal of sewerage generated in the city. It is obligatory for every residential/ non residential.

The sewerage system of the city has been designed by taking into account the natural slope of the city, which is from north to south. The sewage of The city flows under gravity in various pipes of different diameter ranging from 6” to 18” S.W.Pipes and 24”x36” to 66” dia circular Brick sewer. The total length of the sewer lines in the city is 890 km. The sewage is carried to a site in the south of the city where a plant has been constructed for its treatment and the treated sewage is than disposed off in an open Nallah. There are few pockets in the city which are at lower level and thus the sewage of these pockets cannot be discharged under gravity into the sewerage system of The city. The sewage of these pockets is pumped into the sewerage system and thereafter it flows under gravity to the Sewage Treatment Plant.

The Sewage Treatment Plant, spread over an area of 48 acres, is located at Sector 66 of S.A.S. Nagar in Punjab Territory which is at a distance of about 4 km from the nearest planned Sector 47. The present capacity of the Sewage Treatment Plant is 30 MGD although about 48 mgd sewage is received at the Sewage Treatment Plant. The sewage received at S.T.P. is subjected to primary, secondary and tertiary treatment. Out of the 48 mgd sewage received at the Sewage Treatment Plant, 35 mgd is treated upto secondary level and out of this 10 mgd is further treated upto tertiary level. The tertiary treated sewage is recycled back to the city for irrigation of open spaces/ gardens. The Secondary treated sewage is disposed off in an open Nallah. There were frequent break downs in the supply of tertiary treated water due to leakages in the line. Zero velocity valves have been provided in the line for avoiding break downs.

The increase in the population and increasing water supply has resulted in increased sewage flow. This has necessitated augmentation of sewage treatment plant. For the treatment of sewage and the disposal of treated sewage into the open choe, the construction work of 5 mgd sewage treatment plant at Raipur Kalan has been taken into hand. This is likely to be commissioned by the end of next year. Efforts are also being made to enhance the existing capacity of the Sewage Treatment Plant at Diggian from 30 mgd to 50 mgd. Further, a study is being conducted wherein the big campuses like Punjab University, PGI, Govt. Hospital Sector 32 etc. will be required to install captive treatment plants in their campuses. The sewage generated in these campuses/ institutions will be treated at these captive plants and the treated sewage will be used for the irrigation of open spaces in these institutions. This will not only help in reducing the burden on the sewerage network of the city but also help in reducing the cost of taking the sewage from the residential and commercial premises to the S.T.P. and thereafter recycling it back to the city after treatment for irrigation of open spaces/ parks.

There are many unauthorized colonies in the city. To check the residents of these colonies from defecating in the open areas, the community toilets in the form of sulabh sauchalyas and mobile toilet vans have been provided in these colonies. The Corporation has provided 47 mobile toilet vans and constructed 20 sulabh sauchalyas in the colonies. In order to mechanise the system of cleaning of sewerage system, sewer cleaning machines have been procured by the Corporation.





STORM WATER DRAINAGE :

The city has well laid out under ground storm water drainage system. The Storm Water Drainage System has been designed keeping in view the slope of the city i.e. from North West to South East. It was initially designed for a rain intensity of half inch per hour. However, because of the increased green areas/ open spaces coming under construction, the run off co-efficient has increased tremendously. This has resulted in the over loading of storm water drainage system and hence flooding of low lying pockets in the city. The Corporation had conducted a survey and identified 35 such pockets. The storm water drainage system in these pockets have been augmented by providing additional lines and road gullies. In order to meet the situation of flooding, it had been planned to augment the main trunk lines running from North to South. One trunk main running between sector 17 & 18, 21 & 22, 34 & 35, 43 & 44 and discharging in the N-Choe in sector 51 has been laid at a cost of about Rs.2 crores. To augment the drainage system additional lines have been provided in sector 7, 8, 15, 24, 28, V3 road dividing sector 34 & 44, 38, 41. Additional lines have also been provided on road leading to railway station. About 500 vertical road gullies have been provided to increase the intake of water in the storm water lines. The storm water drains have also been provided in Rehabilitation colony Maloya, Janta & Kumhar Colony sector 25.





 STREET LIGHTS

The Street Light system based on underground cables has been transferred to Municipal Corporation, Chandigarh while the street lights based on over head power lines are being maintained by Engg. Wing of Chandigarh Administration. Efforts are being made to privatize the maintenance of street lights through sponsorers. Offers have been received from advertising agencies for sponsoring the maintenance, operation of light including payment of the power bill in lieu of an advertisement kiosk on each pole. This will save the Corporation about 500 lacs annually. The necessary clearances are being obtained in this regard from the Hon’ble High Court and Chandigarh Administration.





 COMMUNITY CENTRES

On the formation of Municipal Corporation, Chandigarh, 7 community centres were transferred from CITCO. Out of these only 5 were functional. Seven community centres and 2 janj ghars were taken over from the Chandigarh Administration. Except janj ghar sector 23 none of these were functional. The Municipal Corporation made all these community centres functional by renovating them and by providing furnishing items like Curtains, Fridge, T.V., Furniture etc. Many of the community centres have badminton courts, table tennis tables, playing card tables, carrom tables etc. All these facilities have been provided to attract the residents to become the members of the community centres. The Municipal Corporation has constructed community centres in Manimajra, Sector 46. Seven community centres in Rehabilitation colonies Kajheri, Palsora, Maloya, Mauli Jagran, Indira Colony, Janta & Kumhar Colony sector 25 and in Sector 41 have been constructed out of funds provided under Member Parliament Local Area Development Scheme. The community centre in sector 45 is being constructed.






HEALTH & SANITATION

The Office of the Medical Officer of Health is responsible for sanitation and health in the city. Since the formation of Municipal Corporation, Chandigarh, special attention is being paid to modernize these services. Towards this end this office purchased various types of Equipments, Machinery and Vehicles which have been inducted as given below :-

1.Hydraulic Trucks for impounding stray animals 2
2.Refrigerated Meat Van 1
3.Open Trucks 2
4.Tractor 4
5.Tractor Carrier Sets 15
6.Dumper Placers 14
7.Hand Carts 100
8.Wheel Barrows 400
9.Garbage containers of 4.5 Cubic M Capacity 250
10.Garbage containers of 6.5 Cubic M Capacity 40
11.Open Trollies 6

The Corporation is according Top Priority towards the maintenance of Dumping Ground and to follow the criteria laid down under the Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000. For this a heavy chained bull dozer D-50 is used for pushing the garbage in the low lying areas and compacting it. The garbage layer is covered with a thick layer of earth to prevent foul smell and fly breeding and further dusted with lime to prevent insects and pests. An excavator and 2 tippers are used to spread earth over the garbage. The Corporation is also in the process of tying up with the Karnataka Compost Development Corporation for the setting up of a Compost and Vermi Compost Unit at the Dumping Ground.

The Corporation has modernized the existing slaughter house as per International Standard at the total cost of more than 5 crores and the same has started functioning under the supervision of a qualified Veterinary Doctor. The doctor has been imparted special training at Malaysia to facilitate the maintenance and operation of slaughter house and to ensure the supply of safe and wholesome meat to the residents of the city.

With a view to provide better facilities to the stray cows rounded up and impounded from various Sectors, the Corporation has converted two cattle pounds situated in Sector 45 and Sector 25 into Gaushalas. Facilities of medical aid, drinking water and feed are provided.

With a view to ensure segregation of garbage at the house hold level, the Corporation in collaboration with Chandigarh Animal Welfare and Eco Development Society is persuading the residents of the city to adopt door to door collection and to segregate the garbage at the house hold level. The Corporation in association with CAWEDS is building Khad Banao Kenders and Sehaj Safai Kenders in various Sectors to convert the garbage into compost and vermi-compost thus ensuring recycling and reducing the garbage going to the dumping ground.Eleven such Kenders have already started functioning in various Sectors, more such kenders are proposed to be started in the near future.

This Corporation is in the process of constructing Second Motor Garage for Parking the refuse removal vehicles in Sector 25.

Process of setting up a Carcases Utilization Centre has been started under a Centre Sponsored Scheme. This is likely to be implemented in the near future.






  ROADS & BRIDGES

The road network of city of Chandigarh is based on Grid Pattern and the roads have been divided into seven categories known as system of 7 V's as below : -

V-I Fast Roads connecting Chandigarh to other towns.
V-2 Arterial Roads.
V-3 Fast Vehicular Roads.
V-4 Meandering Shopping Streets.
V-5 Sector Circulation Roads.
V-6 Access Roads to Houses.
V-7 Foot Paths & Cycle Tracks.

The road network measuring about 1400 km was transferred to the Municipal Corporation. Most of the roads especially V6 roads were in poor state and had not been carpeted since long time. During the last five years the Municipal Corporation has completed the recarpetting work of all the V6 roads in the city measuring 499 km. Out of 238.04 km of V3 roads 91.57 km have been recarpetted/ strengthened.

The major V3 Roads Recarpetted/Strengthened are as below:


1. V3 road dividing sector 21 & 22.
2. V3 road dividing sector 40 & 41.
3. V3 road dividing sector 41& 42.
4. V3 road dividing sector 36 & 37.
5. V3 road dividing sector 10 & 11.
6. V3 road dividing sector 11 & 12
7. V3 road dividing sector 45 & 46.
8. V3 road dividing sector 49& 50.

Out of 128.12 km of V4 and 232.14 km of V5 roads 89.99 km and 129.32 km have been strengthened/ recarpetted respectively.

CAUSEWAY :

Corporation constructed a high level causeway in place of a foot bridge connecting Industrial Area Phase – I, with railway station, thus opening a new route and giving relief to the heavily congested Chandigarh-Kalka Road by bye-passing it & directly linking the city to Railway Station through shorter route.

BOX CULVERT :

A Causeway having discharge capacity of only 300 cusecs on trunk road connecting Chandigarh with Mohali had settled, during the monsoons of 1998. The Corporation had earlier approved provision of a bridge with 6000 cusec capacity for 176.00 lacs. The construction of bridge required acquisition of land and would have taken about 2˝ years. However, it has been replaced with a Box culvert type of bridge with discharge capacity of 8000 cusec at a cost of Rs.45.00 lacs only in a record period of 2˝ months.

CYCLE TRACKS :

The original planning of the city envisazed provision of cycle tracks running South to North. The cycle track running through Sector 11, 15, 24, 37 & 41 has been constructed at a cost of Rs.24 Lacs.

PARKINGS :

The parking areas in shopping centres of Sector 17, 22, 37, 38, 40 have been recarpetted/ widened to increase the parking capacities of the parking areas. Also the underground parkings which had been constructed in Sector 8, 9 & 17 before the formation of Municipal Corporation were in a very shabby condition and were not being utilized. The Municipal Corporation not only made the underground parkings functional, but also introduced the system of paid parking in Sector 8, 9 & 17 in such a way so as to encourage the use of underground parkings, to decongest the overcrowded surface parking areas and to have better utilization of under utilized parking areas. The Municipal Corporation is going to extend the system of paid parking in other sectors so as to have optimum utilization of all the parking areas.







HORTICULTURE

The city of Chandigarh has very well developed and maintained Gardens and Green Belts. The Municipal Corporation, after its formation has developed Fragrance Garden in Sector 36, Shanti Kunj in Sector 16, Garden of Annuals, Sector 44, Green Belts Sector 30, 15, 38 & 40. These Gardens and Green belts are enjoyed by the residents during the morning and evening walks. The standards of maintenance of these Gardens and Green Belts can be well imagined from the above photographs. The Corporation has also developed about 400 Parks in the residential areas by providing railing and children playing equipments. Many of these parks have been developed out of the funds provided by Member Parliament under MPLAD Scheme. The Corporation has shown keen interest in the development of parks in the rehabilitation colonies. Green Belt in Bapu Dham Colony has been developed in an area of 3 acres by providing railing, children playing equipments and growing of shady and ornamental trees. A Cactus Park has been developed in Ram Darbar Colony in an area of 4 acres. The Corporation has also been taking keen interest in the plantation of saplings and their growth. Every year more than 15000 trees are planted in the city. The various kinds of trees grown in the city are Amaltas, Ashok, Neem, Sapium Sebiferum, Pipal, Eucalyptus, Pilkhan, Mango, Silver oak, etc. Before the formation of Municipal Corporation only two cycles of cuttings were under taken to remove the unwanted weeds/ congress grass. The Corporation mechanised the system of cutting and now six cycles of cuttings are under taken.






FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES

Since its inception, Municipal Corporation Chandigarh has taken special interest in modernization of the Fire Wing. To keep the Fire Wing in tune with requirement of modern day fire fighting and rescue operations, the Fire Wing has been modernized by induction of the following equipment :-

1. Water Bouser 18000 ltrs. Capacity. 2
2. Water Tender 4500 ltrs. Capacity. 9
3. Dry Powder Chemical Tender. 1
4. Multipurpose Tender 1
5. Ambulance 1

Steps are also underway to procure a Hydraulic Platform-cum-Turn Table Ladder. This would be a first in the region. With the induction of Hydraulic Platform-cum-Turn Table Ladder, the Fire Wing would be able to give effective fire fighting and rescue operation cover to all high rise buildings in the limits of Municipal Corporation, Chandigarh. At present, the Fire Wing has 7 fire stations manned round the clock. Two more fire stations shall be made operational in the near future. The Fire Wing also provides assistance to the Army, Air Force and neighboring states in case of need.


The Municipal Corporation, Chandigarh is justifiably proud of having the best Fire Fighting Wing in the Region !!









REHABILITATION OF SLUMS & COLONIES

The city has large number of labour colonies. Some of them are on undeveloped govt. land and some of them are on private land. The Chandigarh Administration has decided to rehabilitate all these labour colonies which had come up prior to the year 1996. One such colony which had come up on the land belonging to Punjab University has been rehabilitated in sector 25. The development works of this colony like roads, water supply, sewerage system, storm water drainage system etc. have been carried out by the Municipal Corporation at a cost of Rs.11 Crores Approx. Water stand posts, community toilets in the form of sulabh sauchalyas and mobile toilet vans have been provided in the Unauthorized Colonies under Basic minimum services programme of the Govt. of India.





INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

The Major Achievements of the Information Technology Department of the Municipal Corporation are as follows :-

Computer Training Cell :

The Computer Training Cell was inaugurated by Hon'able Commissioner Sh. M.P. Singh. The Training Cell was formed to impart training to the Staff Members of the Corporation.The Training Cell is currently engaged in providing trianing to the corporation employees on various topics such as : Computer Fundamentals, Office Automation, Networking, Internet Operations etc... The Computer Training helps in improving the Efficency of the employees and it also helps them in learning the Lastest Technology.The Computer Training Cell has already trained more than Sixty Employees from the varios wings of the Municipal Corporation. The Training Cell is now in process of providing training to the Senior Officers on Internet & e-Governance.

Software Development :

The I.T. Department of the Municipal Corporation looks after the Software and Web Development work of the Corporation. The Department has made Softwares for the different Wings of the Corporation and is in process of Developing Softwares, their Maintenance and Upgradation as required by various Wings of the Corporation.The List of Softwares Developed by the I.T. Department for the Corporation are:

Internal Messaging System
(An Application Software for Sending & Receiving Messages withing the Local Netowrk Environment)
Payroll Monitoring System
(An Application Software for Generating Computerized Payslips and keeping all the Record of Salary of the Employees)
Estate Monitoring System
(An Application Software for Generating Reports and keeping all the Record of the Freehold & Leasehold Property of the Corporation)
Pension & Provident Fund Monitoring System
(An Application Software that keeps the record of all the Pensioners and their Pension & Provident Fund Details)
Coupons Management System
(An Application Software for keeping the record of the stalls used during the Festivals & Generating Customised Reports for the same)
Management Information System
(A Web Based Application Software for the automation of all the Departments of the Municipal Corporation)
City Information System
(An Application Software for keeping the record of the stalls used during the Festivals & Generating Customised Reports for the same)
Administrative Information System
(An Application Software for keeping the record of the stalls used during the Festivals & Generating Customised Reports for the same)

The I.T. Department also looks after the Softwares Developed by the National Information Centre (N.I.C.).The List of such Softwares Developed by N.I.C. for the Municipal Corporation are:

Personal Management Information System (PMIS)
Space Booking System (SBS)
Complaint Monitoring System (CMS)


Networking & Internet :

All the Computers in the Corporation are connected to each other forming a Local Area Network. The benifit of which is easy accessability between all the Computers of the Corporation. All the Computers of the Corporation works uder Windows 2000 Domain Environment. Right now the Dial Up Internet Connection facility using Proxy Server has been provided to the Senior Officers of the Corporation by the I.T. Department.

The M.C. Office has been linked with the U.T. Secretariat and the D.C. Office on the Optical Fiber Backbone with High Speed Internet Connectivity over the Leased Line.

Municipal Corporation's Website :

One of the major achievements of the I.T. department is the development of the Website of Municipal Corporation. The task of maintenance, updations of Webpages and further development of the Website of the Corporation has also been assigned to the I.T.Department of the Municipal Corporation.